Asperger Syndrome Classification and Autism Rates

Lately, there’s been much conflicting news about autism rates. A recent study from Britain contends that there is no epidemic, there’s just a great many undiagnosed adults walking around. Yet after conducting a study in South Korea, The American Journal of Psychiatry subsequently found 1 out of 38 kids to have autism, much higher than the recent estimate of 1 in 110 children by the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 

Whether Asperger’s Syndrome is a distinct disorder or a kind of autism is a question currently under debate by psychiatrists. While children with Asperger’s Syndrome do not experience significant delays in language and cognitive ability, many researchers believe that the new Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM), which is due to be released in 2013, should have had Asperger’s as a form of autism in previous editions. While most people already conceptualize Asperger’s as an “autism spectrum disorder,” some factions are opposed to change.

So what difference would it make? 

When Asperger’s is folded into autism statistics, the crisis will be seen as that much more urgent and require more action and more dollars. Including Asperger’s will lead to better identification of children who need developmental services and will force insurers and state governments to pay for its treatment. One can usually follow the money to discover the motives for having been against such a sensible change.

While Asperger’s Syndrome is often characterized as a “mild” form of autism, that seems too dismissive of its impact. Students with Asperger’s are mainstreamed in schools that more-often-than-not are unprepared to meet their needs. Thrown together with the neurotypical population, they still exist apart, experiencing social isolation along with teachers prone to punishing their symptoms. 

In the UK study, the adult males who were discovered to unknowingly have Asperger’s were found living predominantly in public housing. Undiagnosed girls with Asperger’s often suffer from clinical depression and other serious maladies such as eating disorders.

Herein lies the danger of Asperger’s – untreated individuals are often unable to fulfill their personal potential and live happy, productive lives, despite their high intelligence and keen special interests. As a result, they are susceptible to experiencing a special kind of emotional torment and we need to do everything in our power to help them.

UPDATE: May 12, 2011 — Previously in this article, I had stated that Asperger’s was not included in the CDC numbers, and I stand corrected.

While the source for my article was a national newspaper, it taught me to check my facts through multiple sources.

In point of fact, Asperger’s Syndrome was included as an autism spectrum disorder in February of 2010 in the draft of the new Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) due to be released in two years.

The CDC figures are gathered by known cases of autism. Apparently, the fact that the South Korean data included undiagnosed children with Asperger’s Syndrome accounts for the huge differential in the statistics.

Scientists in the United States have nothing but praise for the South Korean study and consider it applicable to our nation and the urgency and tragedy of children with Asperger’s not receiving the help they need remains unchanged.

7 Responses to Asperger Syndrome Classification and Autism Rates

  1. Very nice clear article. I believe there are so many undiagnosed people that we don’t know what to do with it. I hope the awareness will allow more people to get help. Autism Research and a much larger support network is what i am hope for. Awareness is what we need from the community.


    Curtis Maybin

  2. Teresa says:

    Let any parent that raises a child with Aspergers, along with additional neurotypicals, have a speak, and there will be no doubt that Aspergers is Autism. The additional time, effort and assistance with homework and social skills and behaviors is overwhelming. I found out when my son was 24. I think of how much easier my life would have been if he had an IEP throughout the years instead of hearing negative comments from his instructors all the years. Many nights he called me late from college in tears that he just couldn’t do it, didn’t fit in, or didn’t have friends. He was a brave young man and now has a degree in Math AND Engineering. But it still hurts to know the emotional pain he suffered and how much he just wanted to be like everyone else.

  3. Susan says:

    Thank you for sharing your poignant story. It’s a testament to both of you that he was able to persevere and get this degrees.

    Susan Moffitt

  4. asperger's says:

    I just like the valuable information you provide for your articles. I’ll bookmark your weblog and test once more here regularly. I’m slightly sure I will learn lots of new stuff proper here! Best of luck for the next!

  5. Susan says:

    Thanks for your comment. I appreciate it.

  6. Have you heared the fraise: “Asperger’s syndrome is a gift, autism is a burden”.. I think it’s the best comparison of autism and asperger’s syndrome..
    You may read more in my blog by the way

  7. Susan says:

    I think Asperger’s burden comes from without, not within.

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Did You Know?

  • * In 1970, Autism affected 1 out of 10,000 children
  • * Autism now affects 1 out of 88 children
  • * Autism affects 1 in 54 boys
  • * 1.7 million Americans have some form of autism
  • * 4 out of 5 autistic children are boys

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