Improvement Needed in Autism Inclusion Programs
Last year, autism rights activist Ari Ne’eman was appointed to the National Council on Disability as the first openly autistic presidential appointee in American
history. Ne´eman points out that both the law and an overwhelming body of empirical evidence support the notion that children with autism benefit most from an inclusionary model of
"Research has repeatedly found that inclusion of autistic students in the general educational setting leads to significant gains in academic achievement and standardized test scores, adaptive behavior, communication, social relationships and interaction, and post-high school outcomes for those students.
In comparison, autistic students who are educated primarily in segregated or life-skills settings score lower on assessments, make less progress in reading and math, have fewer social interactions and positive peer relationships, communicate less, and have lower adult outcomes and more issues with generalizing skills and adaptive behaviors."
The law also dictates that when appropriate programs for children on the autism spectrum are not available, it’s incumbent upon that school district to adjust their programs rather than
to send those children away to autism schools. In other words, the program must
conform to the child rather than the child conforming to the
Given the fact that many schools are not up-to-par in regards to their autism inclusion programs,
one wonders if this notion of building expensive and separate schools isn’t a cost-cutting move disguised as a gift horse.
What lends more credence to this notion is a 2009 Supreme Court ruling decision
(6-3), stated that parents can place their kids in private schools unilaterally and then ask public schools to pay. Parents used to be required to try out a program for their child
first before seeking an out-of-school placement, but that is no longer the
Mr. Ne´eman prefers that money designated to build segregated schools should be used to offset cuts in special education and that a ¨race-to-the-top¨ should be ignited to see which schools can come up with the best inclusion programs that could serve as
examples for other
Controversies such as these invariably bring out some irate parents of neurotypical children who claim their children are suffering from having
children with autism in their midst.
Like nails on chalkboard, these voices of fear and disdain only prove the necessity of neurotypical and autism spectrum children growing in appreciation of one another through day-to-day
interaction instead of opting for the segregation option that has been
all-too-common in the past.